Significance of Agriculture for Bioeconomy in the Member States of the European Union
2. Materials and Methods
- Identification of variables characterizing the position of agriculture in the European Union.
- Comparison of 28 European Union member states in terms of how significant their agriculture is to the bioeconomy sector.
- Assessment of agricultural competitiveness in EU countries from the perspective of labour productivity in this sector.
- Share of agricultural workers in the total number of bioeconomy workers (%).
- Share of agriculture in gross value added (GVA) of the bioeconomy (%). GVA is the gross income from operating activities after adjusting for operating subsidies and indirect taxes .
- Turnover of agriculture in the turnover of the bioeconomy (%). Turnover is defined, in the context of structural business statistics, as the totals invoiced by the observation unit during the reference period, which corresponds to the total value of market sales of goods and services to third parties, including production costs.
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Data Availability Statement
Conflicts of Interest
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|Sector||Share of Sectors in Employment in the Bioeconomy (%)||Change in 2008–2017 (in p.p.)|
|Fishing and aquaculture||0.9||1.0||+0.1|
|Food, beverage and tobacco||22.3||26.1||+3.8|
|Wood products and furniture||8.7||8.2||−0.5|
|Bio-based chemicals, pharmaceuticals, plastics and rubber (excl. biofuels)||2.0||2.4||+0.4|
|Country||Bioeconomy Sector Workers||Share in the Total Number of Bioeconomy Workers in the EU (EU-28 = 100)||Share of Agricultural Workers in the Total Number of Bioeconomy Workers in Respective Countries|
|Member State||Gross Value Added (GVA) of the Bioeconomy||Agriculture’s Share in the GVA of the Bioeconomy|
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Nowak, A.; Kobiałka, A.; Krukowski, A. Significance of Agriculture for Bioeconomy in the Member States of the European Union. Sustainability 2021, 13, 8709. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13168709
Nowak A, Kobiałka A, Krukowski A. Significance of Agriculture for Bioeconomy in the Member States of the European Union. Sustainability. 2021; 13(16):8709. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13168709Chicago/Turabian Style
Nowak, Anna, Anna Kobiałka, and Artur Krukowski. 2021. "Significance of Agriculture for Bioeconomy in the Member States of the European Union" Sustainability 13, no. 16: 8709. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13168709