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Case Report

Massive Pleural Effusion Due to IgG Multiple Myeloma

Department of Haematology, Wycombe General Hospital, High Wycombe HP11 2TT, UK
Department of Trauma and Orthopaedics, Royal London Hospital, Whitechapel, London E1 1BB, UK
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Hematol. Rev. 2009, 1(2), e18; (registering DOI)
Submission received: 1 October 2009 / Revised: 21 October 2009 / Accepted: 22 October 2009 / Published: 10 November 2009


Pleural effusion directly attributable to multiple myeloma is exceedingly uncommon and is said to occur in only 1–2% of cases. Of these around 80% occur in IgA disease. We report a case of myelomatous pleural effusion (proven on cytological and immunohistochemical analysis) in a patient with the IgG-k subtype. We describe the diagnosis, pathogenesis and management of this condition and show the radiological and cytological evidence of the case.
Keywords: hematology; multiple myeloma; pleural effusion hematology; multiple myeloma; pleural effusion

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MDPI and ACS Style

Lang, K.J.; Lidder, S.; Aitchison, R. Massive Pleural Effusion Due to IgG Multiple Myeloma. Hematol. Rev. 2009, 1, e18.

AMA Style

Lang KJ, Lidder S, Aitchison R. Massive Pleural Effusion Due to IgG Multiple Myeloma. Hematology Reviews. 2009; 1(2):e18.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lang, Kathryn Jane, Surjit Lidder, and Robin Aitchison. 2009. "Massive Pleural Effusion Due to IgG Multiple Myeloma" Hematology Reviews 1, no. 2: e18.

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