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Data Descriptor

Scarabaeoidea (Coleoptera) Fauna of the Republic of Mordovia (Russia)

Leonid V. Egorov
Alexander B. Ruchin
Sergei K. Alekseev
Sergei V. Lukiyanov
Evgeniy A. Lobachev
Mikhail N. Esin
Oleg N. Artaev
5 and
Gennadiy B. Semishin
Joint Directorate of the Mordovia State Nature Reserve and National Park «Smolny», 430005 Saransk, Russia
Prisursky State Nature Reserve, 428034 Cheboksary, Russia
Parks Directorate of Kaluga Region, 248000 Kaluga, Russia
Faculty of Biotechnology and Biology, National Research Mordovia State University, 430005 Saransk, Russia
Papanin Institute for Biology of Inland Waters, Russian Academy of Sciences, 152742 Borok, Russia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Diversity 2023, 15(6), 745;
Submission received: 8 May 2023 / Revised: 29 May 2023 / Accepted: 3 June 2023 / Published: 6 June 2023
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Diversity of Fossil and Recent Insect Faunae)


(1) Background: Beetles in the superfamily Scarabaeoidea are one of the most important groups of Coleoptera. They are found in various ecosystems all over the world and belong to coprophagous, necrophagous, saproxylophagous, phyllophagous and rhizophagous types. The aim of the study is to describe the fauna and distribution of Scarabaeoidea in the Republic of Mordovia (central part of European Russia); (2) Methods: The study was conducted from 2003 to 2023. Collection material (specimens from 1972 and 1986) was also used. Specimens were collected using traditional Coleoptera collecting methods (manual collecting, light trap, collection of rotten remains and pitfall traps). For each observation, the coordinates, number of specimens and dates were recorded; (3) Results: The dataset contains 3198 occurrences. We examined 11,011 specimens of Scarabaeoidea. The dataset contains information on 88 species of Scarabaeoidea. Of these, five species (Aphodius pedellus, Nobius serotinus, Phaeaphodius rectus, Planolinus fasciatus and Onthophagus medius) are listed for the region for the first time. Another seven species are additionally known from others taken from the literature (but were not found during the present field survey); (4) Conclusions: Species diversity of Scarabaeoidea of Mordovia accounts for 95 species from 4 families (Geotrupidae, Trogidae, Lucanidae and Scarabaeidae). Ten species (Protaetia marmorata, Anoplotrupes stercorosus, Cetonia aurata, Protaetia cuprea volhyniensis, Oxythyrea funesta, Platycerus caraboides, Serica brunnea, Melolontha hippocastani, Trichius fasciatus and Protaetia fieberi) constitute the main population of Scarabaeoidea fauna given in the dataset. The species diversity of Scarabaeoidea of the Republic of Mordovia is roughly similar in number of species to that of neighboring or more northern regions.

1. Summary

Fauna lists are currently an important feature of faunal studies, given their important role in biological inventories at local and regional levels. These parameters contribute to the knowledge of the structure and composition of communities in a specific systematic group [1,2,3,4,5,6]. A recognized problem for biodiversity is the fragmentation of and reduction in ecosystems as a result of human activity [7,8,9]. The main factors contributing to the decline in the number of insect species are considered to be: habitat loss and the transition to intensive agriculture and urbanization; pollution, mainly with synthetic pesticides and fertilizers; biological factors, including pathogens and introduced species; and climate change [10,11]. Various studies have shown that Scarabaeoidea species are sensitive to structural changes in the habitat caused by various anthropogenic disturbances. In disturbed habitats, they exhibit dramatic changes in their distribution and development, and they must adapt to new conditions as they arise [12].
Beetles from the superfamily Scarabaeoidea are one of the most important insect groups, and they are a prominent component of the Coleoptera fauna in almost all ecosystems [13]. The superfamily Scarabaeoidea has more than 35,000 species worldwide [14]. The Scarabaeidae family alone consists of more than 30,000 beetle species worldwide. In Europe, Scarabaeoidea is represented by 8 families, 208 genera and about 1250 species [15]. The dominant trophic group among the Scarabaeoidea are dung beetles. Dung beetles are found all over the world, but they are especially diverse in tropical forests and savannas [16,17]. Among the Scarabaeoidea, there are also saproxylophages, necrophages, phyllophages and rhizophages. There are forest and pasture species, as well as mountain and lowland species; some are attracted by flowers or fermenting fruits, while others are attracted to artificial lighting [18,19,20]. Their action as saproxylophages and necrophages ensures the transformation of decaying wood, plant and animal residues and the integration of organic matter into the nutrient cycle [21,22].
Taxonomic and faunal works allow us to understand the biology, rhythms and behavior of Scarabaeoidea. Such works describe new taxa and classify organisms, as well as showing their distribution, diversity and habitat requirements. Therefore, knowledge of the species composition, richness and regional diversity of Scarabaeoidea, as well as their relationship with geospatial factors deserves our attention.
The purpose of this work is to describe the fauna and occurrence of Scarabaeoidea (Coleoptera) in the Republic of Mordovia, based on our recently published dataset in GBIF as Darwin Core Archive [23]. This is the first complete description of the Scarabaeoidea fauna of the Republic of Mordovia, located in the center of the European part of Russia.

2. Data Description

2.1. Data Set Name

Each observation includes the following information: location (latitude/longitude), date of observation, observer name and identifier name. The coordinates were determined in situ using a GPS device or after surveys using Google Maps (Table 1). The dataset contains 3198 occurrences. A total of 11,011 specimens were studied.

2.2. Figures, Tables and Schemes

The dataset contains data on 88 species of Scarabaeoidea from 4 families and 12 subfamilies studied during our research (Table 2). Of these, five species (Aphodius pedellus, Nobius serotinus, Phaeaphodius rectus, Planolinus fasciatus and Onthophagus medius) are listed for the region for the first time. In addition, 7 more species of Scarabaeoidea (Lucanus cervus (Linnaeus, 1758), Rhysothorax rufus (Fabricius, 1792), Acrossus bimaculatus (Laxmann, 1770), Melinopterus punctatosulcatus hirtipes (Fischer von Waldheim, 1844), Rhodaphodius foetens (Fabricius, 1787), Onthophagus coenobita (Herbst, 1783) and Anisoplia brenskei (Reitter, 1889)), which were not found in our study but may potentially inhabit the region and have been cited in publications, are included in Table 2 [24,25,26,27]. We exclude 5 species (Aphodius fimetarius (Linnaeus, 1758), Onthophagus vacca (Linnaeus, 1767), Amphimallon volgense (Fischer von Waldheim, 1823), Tropinota hirta (Poda von Neuhaus, 1761) and Hoplia zaitzevi (Jakobson, 1914)) from the fauna that were previously reported for Mordovia [26,27,28], but have raised doubts as to their occurrence in the region. Amphimallon volgense and Tropinota hirta have not been found in our long-term studies, and they are still not found in neighboring regions. The indications of Aphodius fimetarius and Onthophagus vacca refer to closely related species, Aphodius pedellus and Onthophagus medius, respectively. Two species of the Aphodius fimetarius complex are considered by us in accordance with the opinion of Wilson [29]. The same interpretation is accepted in the Catalogue of Palaearctic Coleoptera [15]. Aphodius pedellus lives in the Republic of Mordovia. After reading the publication by Rössner et al. [30], we revised the material on Onthophagus vacca. It has been established that only Onthophagus medius lives in the Republic of Mordovia. The taxonomic status of Hoplia zaitzevi requires clarification. Therefore, we exclude them from the fauna of the Republic of Mordovia. Thus, the Scarabaeoidea fauna of Mordovia currently includes 95 species.
There are details on the distribution and abundance of a few species that can be classified as low abundance and of limited distribution in the region.
Trypocopris vernalis is a species with a disjunct distribution. It is found within the region, only in forests. The species thrives on cattle manure, wild ungulate dung and plant residues from forest litter. In the republic, there is a single population in the Mordovia State Nature Reserve. This population is located at the southern border of its range in central European Russia [31]. This is a rare species and is included in the Red Book of the Russian Federation [32].
Within its range, Odonteus armiger inhabits semi-arid and dry fields and meadows, dry larch forests, sandy floodplains, quarries, parks and gardens. The larva lives freely and develops in the underground parts of fungi. Adults are found on the fruiting bodies of mushrooms and in manure [33]. The beetles are active at twilight and at night; adults fly to light. In the Republic of Mordovia, three localities are known in which adults are constantly observed (including the National Park “Smolny”).
Ceruchus chrysomelinus is a European forest species; in Russia it inhabits the taiga and forest zone. It prefers old spruce and mixed forests and oak groves. Beetles can be found on rotten logs. In Mordovia State Nature Reserve, sporadic specimens were found in oak forests from 2012 to 2016. Only one stable population is known in the Republic of Mordovia—in Mordovia State Nature Reserve [31]. The species is rare and is included in the Red Book of the Russian Federation [32].
Dorcus parallelipipedus is found in Europe, North Africa and West Asia. It occurs in deciduous and mixed forests. Larvae develop in decaying and dying wood of deciduous trees (aspen, oak, etc.) for 2–3 years. Adults are found under the bark of stumps and rotten logs, sometimes on wood sap. The species has been found only rarely. There are five known localities in the Republic of Mordovia.
Lucanus cervus is widespread in Europe, although absent in some countries [34]. It is listed as a protected species in the majority of countries where it occurs. Larvae develop in the subterranean part of the dead wood of various broadleaf tree species [35]. It prefers forested areas with good soil heated and dry forests with an abundance of deciduous trees [36]. We have not found this species during our studies. There are reports on its occurrence in different parts of the region [24]. It is a rare species and is listed in the Red Book of the Russian Federation [32].
Psammoporus sabuleti is fairly widespread in northern and central Europe and northern Kazakhstan. It is a stenotope, a psammobiont. It is a local, rare species. It is found mainly on sandy riverbanks, under stones or under decaying wood and roots [37]. The only find was made on a riverbank on sand.
The range of Acrossus bimaculatus is quite wide. However, in recent years, the species has become much rarer, and the bulk of discoveries were made more than 60 years ago [38]. It is possible that a population of the species existed in the second half of the 20th century, but at present its discoveries require confirmation. It is absent from our collections. This is a rare species and is included in the Red Book of the Russian Federation [32].
Agoliinus isajevi inhabits steppe habitats [39]. It is a specialized pholeophilous inhabiting ancient marmot colonies (Marmota bobac). According to some earlier publications, this species has not been found in the marmot reacclimatization sites [40]. The latter statement was usually quoted afterwards by all authors. In the conditions of the Republic of Mordovia, the marmot inhabited until the 1930s, was reacclimatized in the 1960s–1970s, and in the mid-1980s native populations survived in only two areas [41]. However, a record of Agoliinus isajevi was made in a colony of Marmota bobac that appeared in 2011–2012. Prior to that, the marmot had not been observed in this biotope [41]. Thus, Agoliinus isajevi was found and is also found in burrows of reacclimatized marmots.
Mimela holosericea has an extensive range. It is found in Kazakhstan, some northern provinces of China, Mongolia, the Korean Peninsula and Japan. In Russia, it is found in the Far East, the Urals, Siberia, the Volga region and Central Russia. The species is abundant in the eastern part of its range. However, in the western part of the range, the species occurs sporadically and its numbers are very low. In the Republic of Mordovia, it is found only in two localities [42].
In the Republic of Mordovia, only one population of Protaetia affinis is known in the southwestern part of the region. Apparently, the northern and eastern borders of the species’ range pass here.
Protaetia speciosissima has an extensive range, but numbers are low everywhere. It lives mainly in old-growth broad-leaved forests. Larvae develop in oak, linden and some other deciduous trees. Previously, few localities of this species were known in the region. However, the use of crown fermental traps has given much more information on the species distribution and abundance [18,43]. There are currently 25 known localities in the region. In some localities, the abundance is relatively high [31,44]. The species is rare in Russia and is included in the Red Book of the Russian Federation [32].
Protaetia fieberi is a species with a wide range. It inhabits deciduous and mixed forests of various types and origins. The species was thought to be scarce in the northern regions of Russia, while it is more common in southern regions [45]. However, as the studies using fermental traps showed, the distribution of P. fieberi is much wider, and the abundance in some localities is one of the highest among all Cetoniinae species [18,43]. At present, more than 50 localities are known in the Republic of Mordovia. In some localities in the Republic of Mordovia, the abundance is relatively high [31,44,46]. In Russia, the species is rare and is included in the Red Book of the Russian Federation [32]. However, the need to protect it has been questioned [45].
The range of Osmoderma barnabita is wide, but numbers of the species are low everywhere. It occurs on stumps, in hollow trees, on oak sap by day, sometimes flying at dusk. The numbers are steadily low, and occurrences are sporadic. In the Republic of Mordovia, only three stable populations are known at present, inhabiting old-growth broad-leaved forests [25,46,47]. In Russia, this is a rare species and is included in the Red Book of the Russian Federation [32].
Gnorimus variabilis is common in Europe and Turkey. It occurs in broad-leaved, mixed and coniferous forests, preferring oak and birch forests. There are 25 known localities in the Republic of Mordovia. More often it occurs as single specimens, but in some biotopes its numbers are relatively high. Our observations have shown that in these habitats there is a considerable amount of good birch undergrowth, as well as dry birch trunks.
Valgus hemipterus has an extensive range. Adults are found on flowers and leaves of hardwood trees. Larvae develop in badly rotted stumps and in deciduous hardwood. There are 29 known localities in the Republic of Mordovia. Numbers are relatively high in some old-growth forests. The northern border of the species’ range probably runs through the Republic. In the Chuvash Republic, located to the north of Mordovia, the species has not been found in many years of research.
Figure 1 shows the abundance (in absolute terms) of the most numerous species of Scarabaeoidea. These include Protaetia marmorata, Anoplotrupes stercorosus, Cetonia aurata, Protaetia cuprea volhyniensis, Oxythyrea funesta, Platycerus caraboides, Serica brunnea, Melolontha hippocastani, Trichius fasciatus and Protaetia fieberi. These 10 species accounted for 76.3% in number and 67.9% in occurrence of all studied individuals.
In the Coleoptera order, representatives of the superfamily Scarabaeoidea are one of the most studied groups. Faunistic data have been published for various regions of European Russia (Table 3).
The species diversity of Scarabaeoidea of the Republic of Mordovia is roughly similar in number of species to that of the neighboring or more northern regions. At the same time, in the more southern regions of European Russia (Samara region, Volgograd region and Voronezh region) the number of Scarabaeoidea species is much higher (Table 3). This confirms the previously noted pattern of increasing diversity from north to south in European Russia established for Aphodiini [39]. In total, the fauna of the Scarabaeoidea of southern Russia includes more than 330 species [55,56].

3. Methods

3.1. Study Area

The Republic of Mordovia is located in the center of the Russian Plain between 42°11′ and 46°45′ east longitude and 53°38′ and 55°11′ north latitude on the southwestern periphery of the Volga basin in the interfluve of Moksha and Sura [57]. The maximum length from west to east is 298 km, from north to south—up to 140 km (Figure 2). Most of the territory is located in the north-western region of the plast-tiered Volga upland, which in the west of the republic passes into the Oka–Don lowland formation. The Republic of Mordovia is located mainly in the forest-steppe landscape zone, although in its north-western part there is an array of forests of the southern taiga, and in the southern part there are still steppe areas preserved in places (in many areas there are quite a significant number of steppe areas that are small in area). The diversity of natural conditions determines the peculiarities of the fauna of the region [58].

3.2. Design of Research, Identification and Taxonomic Position of Samples

We used traditional methods of collecting Scarabaeoidea, including manual collecting, light collecting, rotten remains and pitfall traps [59,60,61]. Pitfall traps were installed from April–September. The traps were 0.5-L plastic cups containing 200 mL of a 4% formalin solution. We installed 10 traps in various biotopes. The distance between the traps was 2 m. A large number of samples were collected in traps with bait from beer and wine with added sugar and honey [62,63]. The studies were conducted in 2003–2022. The material from the Mordovia State Nature Reserve collections (samples from 1972 and 1986) was also used. For a rough estimate of the number of species, we used the following definitions: single individual means that single specimens of the species were found in 1–2 places in the region, rare species refers to species with an abundance of 10 or fewer specimens found in 3–5 localities, common species are Scarabaeoidea beetles with an abundance of up to 200 or fewer specimens found in 6–10 localities, and numerous species are Scarabaeoidea with a total abundance of over 200 specimens occurring in at least 50% of the studied localities.
The collected material was identified by L.V. Egorov, partly by A.B. Ruchin and S.K. Alekseev. Identification was performed in accordance with Medvedev [64], Frolov [65], identification keys on resources—, (access on 26 April 2023). We followed the proposed nomenclature in the works of Löbl and Löbl [15].

Author Contributions

Conceptualization, L.V.E. and A.B.R.; methodology, A.B.R., L.V.E., S.V.L. and G.B.S.; software, O.N.A.; validation, A.B.R.; formal analysis, A.B.R. and L.V.E.; investigation, A.B.R., E.A.L., M.N.E., S.K.A., G.B.S. and S.V.L.; resources, A.B.R., S.V.L., E.A.L. and G.B.S.; data curation, A.B.R.; writing—original draft preparation, A.B.R. and L.V.E.; writing—review and editing, A.B.R.; visualization, L.V.E.; supervision, A.B.R.; project administration, A.B.R.; funding acquisition, A.B.R. All authors have read and agreed to the published version of the manuscript.


This research was funded by Russian Science Foundation, grant number 22-14-00026.

Institutional Review Board Statement

Not applicable.

Data Availability Statement

Dataset:, accessed on 26 April 2023. Dataset License: Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 License.


The authors are grateful to A.A. Gusakov (Moscow) for identification of some Aphodiinae, I.V. Shokhin (Rostov-on-Don) for valuable comments, and A.S. Tilly (Samara) for information on the number of Scarabaeoidea species of the Samara Region.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflict of interest.


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Figure 1. Species of Scarabaeoidea of the Republic of Mordovia with the highest occurrence and highest numbers represented in the dataset.
Figure 1. Species of Scarabaeoidea of the Republic of Mordovia with the highest occurrence and highest numbers represented in the dataset.
Diversity 15 00745 g001
Figure 2. Study area of information for the dataset.
Figure 2. Study area of information for the dataset.
Diversity 15 00745 g002
Table 1. Description of the data in the dataset.
Table 1. Description of the data in the dataset.
Column LabelColumn Description
eventIDAn identifier for the set of information associated with an Event (occurs in one place in one time).
occurrenceIDAn identifier for the Occurrence (as opposed to a particular digital record of the occurrence).
basisOfRecordThe specific nature of the data record: HumanObservation
scientificNameThe full scientific name including the genus name and the lowest level of
taxonomic rank with the authority
kingdomThe full scientific name of the kingdom in which the taxon is classified
taxonRankThe taxonomic rank of the most specific name in the scientificName.
decimalLatitudeThe geographic latitude of location in decimal degree
decimalLongitudeThe geographic longitude of location in decimal degrees
geodeticDatumThe ellipsoid, geodetic datum, or spatial reference system (SRS) upon which the geographic coordinates given in decimalLatitude and decimalLongitude as based.
countryThe name of the country in which the Location occurs
countryCodeThe standard code for the country in which the Location occurs.
individualCountThe number of individuals represented present at the time of the Occurrence.
eventDateThe date when material from the trap was collected or the range of dates during which the trap collected material
yearThe integer day of the month on which the Event occurred.
monthThe ordinal month in which the Event occurred.
dayThe integer day of the month on which the Event occurred
samplingProtocolThe names of, references to, or descriptions of the methods or protocols used during an Event.
recordedByA person, group, or organization responsible for recording the original Occurrence.
identifiedByA list of names of people, who assigned the Taxon to the subject
Table 2. Species diversity of Scarabaeoidea of Republic of Mordovia.
Table 2. Species diversity of Scarabaeoidea of Republic of Mordovia.
TaxaApproximate Estimate of the Number
GEOTRUPIDAE Latreille, 1802
Bolboceratinae Mulsant, 1842
Odonteus armiger (Scopoli, 1772)single individual
Geotrupinae Latreille, 1802
Anoplotrupes stercorosus (Hartmann in Scriba, 1791)numerous specimens
Geotrupes baicalicus Reitter, 1892common specimens
Trypocorpis vernalis vernalis (Linnaeus, 1758)single individual
TROGIDAE W.S. MacLeay, 1819
Troginae W.S. MacLeay, 1819
Trox cadaverinus Illiger, 1802single individual
Trox sabulosus (Linnaeus, 1758)common specimens
Trox scaber (Linnaeus, 1767)single individual
LUCANIDAE Latreille, 1804
Syndesinae W.S. MacLeay, 1819
Ceruchus chrysomelinus (Hochenwarth, 1785)single individual
Sinodendron cylindricum (Linnaeus, 1758)rare specimens
Lucaninae Latreille, 1804
Dorcus parallelipipedus (Linnaeus, 1758)rare specimens
Lucanus cervus cervus (Linnaeus, 1758)single individual
Platycerus caprea (De Geer, 1774)rare specimens
Platycerus caraboides (Linnaeus, 1758)common specimens
SCARABAEIDAE Latreille, 1802
Aegialiinae Laporte, 1840
Psammoporus sabuleti (Panzer, 1797)single individual
Rhysothorax rufus (Fabricius, 1792)single individual
Aphodiinae Leach, 1815
Acanthobodilus immundus (Creutzer, 1799)single individual
Acrossus bimaculatus (Laxmann, 1770)single individual
Acrossus depressus (Kugelann, 1792)common specimens
Acrossus luridus (Fabricius, 1775)rare specimens
Acrossus rufipes (Linnaeus, 1758)common specimens
Agoliinus isajevi (Kabakov, 1994)single individual
Agoliinus nemoralis (Erichson, 1848)rare specimens
Agrilinus ater (De Geer, 1774)rare specimens
Ammoecius brevis (Erichson, 1848)single individual
* Aphodius pedellus (De Geer, 1774)common specimens
Biralus satellitius (Herbst, 1789)single individual
Bodiloides ictericus (Laicharting, 1781)single individual
Bodilopsis rufa (Moll, 1782)common specimens
Bodilopsis sordida (Fabricius, 1775)single individual
Bodilus lugens (Creutzer, 1799)rare specimens
Calamosternus granarius (Linnaeus, 1767)rare specimens
Chilothorax distinctus (O.F. Müller, 1776)common specimens
Chilothorax melanosticus (W.L.E. Schmidt, 1840)rare specimens
Colobopterus erraticus (Linnaeus, 1758)common specimens
Esymus pusillus (Herbst, 1789)rare specimens
Euheptaulacus sus (Herbst, 1783)single individual
Eupleurus subterraneus (Linnaeus, 1758)common specimens
Liothorax niger (Illiger, 1798)single individual
Liothorax plagiatus (Linnaeus, 1767)single individual
Melinopterus prodromus (Brahm, 1790)common specimens
Melinopterus punctatosulcatus hirtipes (Fischer von Waldheim, 1844)single individual
Mendidaphodius linearis (Reiche & Saulcy, 1856)rare specimens
Nialus varians (Duftschmid, 1805)single individual
* Nobius serotinus (Panzer, 1799)rare specimens
Otophorus haemorrhoidalis (Linnaeus, 1758)single individual
Oxyomus sylvestris (Scopoli, 1763)single individual
* Phaeaphodius rectus (Motschulsky, 1866)rare specimens
Plagiogonus arenarius (G.-A. Olivier, 1789)rare specimens
* Planolinus fasciatus (G.-A. Olivier, 1789)rare specimens
Rhodaphodius foetens (Fabricius, 1787)single individual
Teuchestes fossor (Linnaeus, 1758)common specimens
Volinus sticticus (Panzer, 1798)common specimens
Pleurophorus caesus (Panzer, 1796)rare specimens
Rhyssemus germanus (Linnaeus, 1767)rare specimens
Scarabaeinae Latreille, 1802
Copris lunaris (Linnaeus, 1758)rare specimens
Euoniticellus fulvus (Goeze, 1777)rare specimens
Caccobius schreberi (Linnaeus, 1767)common specimens
Onthophagus furcatus (Fabricius, 1781)single individual
Onthophagus taurus (Schreber, 1759)single individual
Onthophagus coenobita (Herbst, 1783)single individual
Onthophagus fracticornis (Preyssler, 1790)common specimens
Onthophagus gibbulus (Pallas, 1781)common specimens
Onthophagus nuchicornis (Linnaeus, 1758)common specimens
Onthophagus ovatus (Linnaeus, 1767)common specimens
Onthophagus semicornis (Panzer, 1798)common specimens
* Onthophagus medius (Kugelann, 1792)single individual
Onthophagus vitulus (Fabricius, 1777)rare specimens
Melolonthinae Leach, 1819
Hoplia parvula Krynicki, 1832numerous specimens
Melolontha hippocastani Fabricius, 1801numerous specimens
Amphimallon altaicum (Mannerheim, 1825)common specimens
Amphimallon solstitiale (Linnaeus, 1758)numerous specimens
Maladera holosericea (Scopoli, 1772)common specimens
Omaloplia nigromarginata (Herbst, 1786)rare specimens
Omaloplia spiraeae (Pallas, 1773)rare specimens
Serica brunnea (Linnaeus, 1758)numerous specimens
Rutelinae W.S. MacLeay, 1819
Anisoplia agricola (Poda von Neuhaus, 1761)single individual
Anisoplia brenskei Reitter, 1889single individual
Anisoplia deserticola Fischer von Waldheim, 1824rare specimens
Anisoplia austriaca (Herbst, 1783)rare specimens
Chaetopteroplia segetum (Herbst, 1783)common specimens
Anomala dubia (Scopoli, 1763)numerous specimens
Mimela holosericea (Fabricius, 1787)single individual
Phyllopertha horticola (Linnaeus, 1758)numerous specimens
Dynastinae W.S. MacLeay, 1819
Oryctes nasicornis polonicus Minck, 1918rare specimens
Cetoniinae Leach, 1815
Cetonia aurata (Linnaeus, 1758)numerous specimens
Protaetia speciosissima (Scopoli, 1786)common specimens
Protaetia affinis affinis (Andersch, 1797)single individual
Protaetia marmorata (Fabricus, 1792)numerous specimens
Protaetia cuprea volhyniensis (Gory & Percheron, 1833)common specimens
Protaetia fieberi (Kraatz, 1880)numerous specimens
Oxythyrea funesta (Poda von Neuhaus, 1761)numerous specimens
Osmoderma barnabita Motschulsky, 1845single individual
Gnorimus variabilis (Linnaeus, 1758)rare specimens
Trichius fasciatus (Linnaeus, 1758)numerous specimens
Valgus hemipterus (Linnaeus, 1758)rare specimens
*—first record for Republic of Mordovia.
Table 3. Comparison of Scarabaeoidea species diversity in some regions of European Russia.
Table 3. Comparison of Scarabaeoidea species diversity in some regions of European Russia.
RegionSpecies DiversityData
Republic of Mordovia95Our data
Chuvash Republic93Data of the first author
Moscow region110[48]
Ulyanovsk region129[40,49]
Penza region99[50]
Republic of Tatarstan89[49]
Samara region146Data by A.S. Tilly
Udmurt Republic90[51]
Lipetsk region96[52]
Voronezh region113[53]
Volgograd region169[54]
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Egorov, L.V.; Ruchin, A.B.; Alekseev, S.K.; Lukiyanov, S.V.; Lobachev, E.A.; Esin, M.N.; Artaev, O.N.; Semishin, G.B. Scarabaeoidea (Coleoptera) Fauna of the Republic of Mordovia (Russia). Diversity 2023, 15, 745.

AMA Style

Egorov LV, Ruchin AB, Alekseev SK, Lukiyanov SV, Lobachev EA, Esin MN, Artaev ON, Semishin GB. Scarabaeoidea (Coleoptera) Fauna of the Republic of Mordovia (Russia). Diversity. 2023; 15(6):745.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Egorov, Leonid V., Alexander B. Ruchin, Sergei K. Alekseev, Sergei V. Lukiyanov, Evgeniy A. Lobachev, Mikhail N. Esin, Oleg N. Artaev, and Gennadiy B. Semishin. 2023. "Scarabaeoidea (Coleoptera) Fauna of the Republic of Mordovia (Russia)" Diversity 15, no. 6: 745.

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